Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are common among both men and women especially those who are sexually active. The leading cause of transmission of the virus is indulging in sexual intercourse with an affected person. In various societies, gonorrhea appears to be the most common STD that affects both men and women.
However, Mycoplasma genitalium (MG or Mgen) STD is more common than gonorrhea but very few people know about it. Doctors believe that this disease affects between one and three percent of the population. Many people might have the disease, but the majority of them seem not to be aware of it just like their doctors.
What Are The Characteristics Of The Disease
Many people infected with the disease do not show any symptoms like other STDs. The most common forms of STD particularly gonorrhea and chlamydia and other STDs can be tested cheaply. The common STDs have signs that also make it easy to treat them. However, the most challenging part of Mgen is that it does not show symptoms.
The absence of symptoms not only make it difficult to treat the disease but to diagnose it too. Without a proper diagnosis of the condition, it may be complicated to get a correct remedy of the disease. It is also difficult for doctors to trace the illness unless individuals go for voluntary testing.
Many affected people also do not know that they have the disease. Other forms of STDs show symptoms that can compel individuals to go for tests and ultimately seek treatment. With Mgen, there are no visible symptoms, and there is also no approved test for the condition yet. Therefore, many people live with the state not knowing that they have it.
The scientists knew of the existence of the bacterial infection from 1980. However, the US Centers For Disease Control and Prevention acknowledged the presence of the disease for the first time in 2015. The doctors believe that the condition is more common than gonorrhea, but the only problem is that they lack knowledge about its existence.
Since the disease is difficult to test, there is no treatment for the condition yet. Many people get the wrong treatment for the disease which is very rare but appears to be common than gonorrhea. The other issue is that the virus believed to be resistant to antibiotics which makes treatment difficult. Antibiotics constitute the most common and necessary treatment of various forms of STDs.
When the people infected with Mgen develop some symptoms, the tricky part is that the symptoms are similar to those usually brought by gonorrhea and Chlamydia. Men typically experience pain during urination as well as produce a watery discharge from the penis.
On the other hand, women experience pain during sex, and they often bleed afterward. They also experience vaginal discharge and some pain in their pelvic area. In the end, people get treatment for other conditions that are different from Mgen. If the disease is left untreated for a long time due to lack of diagnosis, it can lead to worse conditions like infertility.
Effects Of Mgen
Many people get the wrong diagnosis of other STDs instead of Mgen. In most cases, infected people get treatment for wrong diseases. It is however not clear whether mistreatment of the disease leads to its resistance to antibiotics.
Doctors are not yet very familiar with the disease, and this is the main reason why its treatment remains tricky. The main problem is that the disease can be left untreated when the doctors fail to diagnose it. Proper treatment of a condition depends on the quality tests performed before deciding on the medication.
Scientists also claim that the condition makes people infertile. However, a full-scale study is vital to gather as much conclusive evidence as possible about this particular claim. At the moment full information about the condition remains sketchy, but its existence is real. A holistic approach is vital for scientists to conduct full-scale researches to establish the effects and symptoms of Mgen.
There are specific studies that show that Mgen can lead to a condition called urethritis. This condition involves inflammation of the urethra in men. The urethra is a duct that carries urine to the penis from the bladder. According to the CDC, it is not very clear whether the condition of urethritis leads to infertility among males. At the moment it seems everything remains a possibility.
In women, the bacteria is found in the cervix of those affected with the pelvic inflammatory disease, a significant cause of infertility. Mgen can cause scarring of fallopian tubes that are responsible for carrying eggs to the uterus from the ovaries. The Mgen organism might lead to female infertility. It is the damage caused by inflammation that causes infertility.
Some studies indicate that women who can experience multiple pelvic inflammatory diseases due to wrong treatment. However, the frequency of women suffering pelvic inflammatory disease still needs further examination. More research is also essential to establish the impact of Mgen on their reproductive system since there is no standard test for the infection.
Source: Wochit News
There is hope of finding better tests for the disease following more research about the disease recently in the United States of America. Routine testing is also believed to raise awareness among different people about the disease. It can also go a long way in generating data that can help the doctors understand the condition better.
Without a proper way of testing Mgen, it remains a significant challenge to treat it. In most cases, people get the wrong treatment for the disease due to limited information about it. Like any other STDs, prevention is a viable solution than medication. It is also essential that people should not wait for symptoms but go for routine tests.
People with multiple sexual partners are at higher risk of contracting Mgen disease. Therefore, it is wise for individuals to stick to their partners. It is also vital for people who are sexually active to use protection when they indulge in sex with different people.